Negotiating the
Lisbon Protocol


This activity, “Negotiating the Lisbon Protocol,” simulates the treaty-making process, highlighting the complex and often-frustrating aspects of crafting international law. You will assume the role of the Executive Secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and lead an international effort to stop climate change in the face of a startling new study. In this capacity, you will

  1. Spread awareness about the new study and its ramifications
  2. Set the agenda for the Conference of Parties (COP) meeting on climate change
  3. Negotiate at the COP meeting and craft a treaty agreement that is both politically feasible and efficacious.
Learning Goals

After reading your text and completing this exercise, you will be able to:

  • Describe the role of key actors, including non-governmental organizations, states, and the United Nations, in international treaty negotiations
  • Explain why international cooperation is difficult in an anarchical environment
  • Identify the core elements of the climate change treaty regime.